Will I need to drive my own vehicle to conduct my everyday life (work/school/shopping) at my destination?
It is a definite advantage to have your own vehicle. If a company vehicle is not available to ferry your family around, you may require a second vehicle. You may want to employ a driver to carry out both functions. In general, they are very reliable and prepared to work odd hours. Vehicles are generally a four-wheel-drive type, because the roads are not in good condition. A new vehicle of that type sells for US$30,000 to 50,000 but good secondhand vehicles are available for between US$8,000 and 15,000.
How can I legally drive a vehicle in this city?
Per legal requirements, a Tanzanian license must be obtained within six months of your arrival in the country. The licensing authority requires: a) current driver’s license for verification only; b) three passport-size photographs; and c) an eye test by a reputable specialist (cost: TSH 40,000 or +US$50). Insurance is not mandatory, but we highly recommend you take out full comprehensive insurance as very few local citizens have insurance and you need to protect your assets.
What side of the road do people drive on?
In Tanzania you drive on the left-hand side.
Describe typical public transportation an expat might use to get around the city.
Despite periodic complaints in the press about dangerous driving, dirty uniforms, and unsociably loud music, Dar es Salaam's public transport is surprisingly efficient and you will get to almost anywhere within a twenty-kilometer radius of the city for less than a thousand shillings (less than a US$1).
Daladalas – These shared minibuses are scattered around the town and operate from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. Each daladala is color coded according to the route they operate.In certain frequently used and short distances, the route is serviced by a three-wheeler motorbike. Two- to three-passenger-sized pikipikis (or bajaj) are cheap and frequent.
Taxis can be found everywhere, especially outside major hotels, road junctions and night clubs. They are generally white in color. Trips around the town vary but can cost from TSH 5000 to 10,000 (US$4 to $8). Trips to the airport are between TSH 20,000 to 30,000 (US$17 to $26).
Could an expat also use public transportation to get out of the city—to surrounding towns, recreation areas or suburbs? If so, list options.
Long-distance buses are good quality and are fairly cheap.
If the distance is within 40 to 50 kilometers, then taxis would be a good option.
Because of the huge distances from Dar es Salaam to other major tourist spots, many travelers use local airlines and charter companies to go to these places.
In regards to transportation, are there any safety issues I should be aware of?
The long-distance buses are known to speed and accidents do occur. In the towns, the transport is safe but is generally very crowded and can be very hot and congested.
Where do I buy tickets/tokens/etc. for the major public transportation?
Tickets for buses are purchased from various vendors. Taxis are available at the airport and one can hail a cab from most parts of town. The public transport numbered plates are white with black lettering.
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