Will I need to drive my own vehicle to conduct my everyday life (work/school/shopping) at my destination

Thanks to an extensive public transportation network, you will not need to drive your own vehicle. It is very convenient to take local buses and taxis. Like many big cities in China, there is very heavy traffic. Furthermore, the road network is quite complicated, and traffic laws are not always followed by local drivers.
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How can I legally drive a vehicle in this city?

Although driving your own car in Guangzhou is not recommended, if you do wish to drive here you need to obtain a Chinese driver license first. An international driving permit is not accepted in China.
To obtain a license, you must apply at an accredited organization in Hong Kong and complete written and practical driving tests in Zhuhai, Zhongshan or Guangzhou. Applying for and taking these tests will cost between HK$ 2,000 and HK$ 2,500. Crown Guangzhou can help you to obtain a Chinese license.
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What side of the road do people drive on?

Cars in China drive on the right-hand side of the road.
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Describe typical public transportation an expat might use to get around the city.

Taxis are the most frequently-used form of transport for expats because they are the most convenient and relatively inexpensive. Minibus drivers tend to drive a bit recklessly, but you can also take the larger city bus to travel to the city. City buses are equipped with soft seats and air-conditioning, making them not only economical and safe but also comfortable.
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Could an expat also use public transportation to get out of the city—to surrounding towns, recreation areas or suburbs? If so, list options.

Yes, there are long-distance bus goes to the surrounding towns; it is economic, safe and comfortable. Normally goes every half hour. You can also take the train to some destinations.
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In regards to transportation, are there any safety issues I should be aware of?

When riding in taxis, you are required by law to wear a seat belt if you sit in the front seat next to the driver. Few drivers follow this regulation feeling it is sufficient to drape the belt over themselves. At night, only women or children are allowed to sit in the front seat. This regulation came after frequent attacks on taxi drivers. This is also the reason why taxis have iron bars separating back seats from the front. Posted on the screen dividing back and front seats there is a sticker, unfortunately only in Chinese that says you can refuse to pay the taxi fare in case driver refuses to use the meter. This applies only to trips inside the city limits. Going out of the city fare has to be negotiated each time. Otherwise, proceed defensively when in or near traffic. Traffic laws are not strictly followed and it is best never to assume a car or bicyclist has seen you.
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Where do I buy tickets/tokens/etc. for the major public transportation?

Train and bus tickets can be bought at stations or through travel agents.   
Lingnan Pass (or Yang Cheng Tong) is a contactless smartcard which can be used on the metro and most other forms of public transport in Guangzhou and in multiple cities across the Pearl River Delta. You can purchase the Pass at its customer service centers, metro stations or convenient stores.
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Crown Relocations has made every effort to present accurate information. However, regulations, rates and other variables are subject to change and Crown Relocations cannot accept responsibility for the errors that might result. Should you have any questions or need additional information, please contact your local Crown representative.