Rome Transport

Will I need to drive my own vehicle to conduct my everyday life (work/school/shopping) at my destination?
It depends on the area of the city you choose to live in. If you live in the city center, daily travel by car is not recommended because of heavy traffic and difficult parking. For these reasons, it is better to avoid going shopping downtown by car. Traveling by car is only recommended for shopping trips to big shopping centers in the suburbs. Also, be aware of any ZTLs (Zona a Traffico Limitato - limited traffic zones); if you don't have a permit to enter these areas, you will be fined for entering.
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How can I legally drive a vehicle in this city?
There are bilateral agreements between Italy and other countries that permit the direct conversion of your driver's license. These countries include Algeria, Austria, Blgium, Korea, Croatia, Denmark, Philippines, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Iceland, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Monaco, Romania, San Marino, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan and Turkey.
Otherwise, you can use an international driver's license, obtained in your prior country of residence and use it to drive in Italy for one year. After one year, however, you must apply for an Italian license and take the Italian driver's exam.
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What side of the road do people drive on?
The right side of the road.
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Describe typical public transportation an expat might use to get around the city.
Public transit in Rome is of a lesser quality than many expats are probably used to, largely due to the massive traffic jams that plague the city. If you choose to take public transit, it's best to avoid the buses and travel by subway; subway A connects the East with the Southwest; subway B, the North with the South. The two subways meet in Termini and Tiburtina, the main train station of Rome. Be sure to keep an eye on your belongings, as you would in any big city.
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Could an expat also use public transportation to get out of the city—to surrounding towns, recreation areas or suburbs? If so, list options.
Though there are buses and trains connecting most major cities and towns, traveling by car remains the easiest way to get around Italy, even with all the traffic.
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In regards to transportation, are there any safety issues I should be aware of?
You should stay within the speed limits and fasten your seatbelt. On public transport, watch out for pickpockets or purse snatchers.
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Where do I buy tickets/tokens/etc. for the major public transportation?
Bus and subway tickets can be bought at tobacconists, newsstands, bars and self-service machines. You can buy railway tickets at railway stations or from travel agents.
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